Báo cáo y học: " Inverse association of natural mentoring relationship with distress mental health in children orphaned by AIDS"

Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Inverse association of natural mentoring relationship with distress mental health in children orphaned by AIDS | Onuoha and Munakata BMC Psychiatry 2010 10 6 http 1471-244X 10 6 BMC Psychiatry RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Inverse association of natural mentoring relationship with distress mental health in children orphaned by AIDS Francis N Onuoha Tsunetsugu Munakata Abstract Background The magnitude of the AIDS-orphaned children crisis in sub-Saharan Africa has so overstretched the resource of most families that the collapse of fostering in the sub-region seems imminent UNICEF 2003 fueling the need for a complementary alternative care. This paper examines the probability of the natural mentoring care to ameliorate distress mental health in children orphaned by AIDS. Methods 952 children mean age about 14 years from local community schools and child-care centers in Kampala Uganda and Mafikeng Klerksdorp South Africa towns participated in the study. The design has AIDS-orphaned group n 373 and two control groups Other-causes orphaned n 287 and non-orphaned n 290 children. We use measures of child abuse depression social discrimination anxiety parental foster care self-esteem and social support to estimate mental health. Natural mentoring care is measured with the Ragins and McFarlin 1990 Mentor Role Instrument as adapted. Results AIDS-orphaned children having a natural mentor showed significant decreased distress mental health factors. Similar evidence was not observed in the control groups. Also being in a natural mentoring relationship inversely related to distress mental health factors in the AIDS-orphaned group in particular. AIDS-orphaned children who scored high mentoring relationship showed significant lowest distress mental health factors that did those who scored moderate and low mentoring relationship. Conclusions Natural mentoring care seems more beneficial to ameliorate distress mental health in AIDS-orphaned children many of whom are double-orphans having no biological parents than in children in the control groups. Background Orphan children

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