Báo cáo y học: " Race/ethnicity and potential suicide misclassification: window on a minority suicide paradox"

Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Race/ethnicity and potential suicide misclassification: window on a minority suicide paradox? Ian RH Rockett*1, Shuhui Wang2, Steven | Rockett et al. BMC Psychiatry 2010 10 35 http 1471-244X 10 35 BMC Psychiatry RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Race ethnicity and potential suicide misclassification window on a minority suicide paradox Ian RH Rockett 1 Shuhui Wang2 Steven Stack3 Diego De Leo4 James L Frost5 Alan M Ducatman1 Rheeda L Walker6 and Nestor D Kapusta7 Abstract Background Suicide officially kills approximately 30 000 annually in the United States. Analysis of this leading public health problem is complicated by undercounting. Despite persisting socioeconomic and health disparities nonHispanic Blacks and Hispanics register suicide rates less than half that of non-Hispanic Whites. Methods This cross-sectional study uses multiple cause-of-death data from the US National Center for Health Statistics to assess whether race ethnicity psychiatric comorbidity documentation and other decedent characteristics were associated with differential potential for suicide misclassification. Subjects were 105 946 White Black and Hispanic residents aged 15 years and older dying in the US between 2003 and 2005 whose manner of death was recorded as suicide or injury of undetermined intent. The main outcome measure was the relative odds of potential suicide misclassification a binary measure of manner of death injury of undetermined intent includes misclassified suicides versus suicide. Results Blacks adjusted odds ratio AOR 95 confidence interval CI and Hispanics manifested excess potential suicide misclassification relative to Whites. Decedents aged 35-54 AOR 95 CI 55-74 and 75 years showed diminished misclassification potential relative to decedents aged 15-34 while decedents with 0-8 years and 9-12 years of education showed excess potential relative to the most educated 13 years . Excess potential suicide misclassification was also apparent for decedents without AOR 95 CI