Báo cáo y học: "Development of mental health first aid guidelines on how a member of the public can support a person affected by a traumatic event: a Delphi study"

Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Development of mental health first aid guidelines on how a member of the public can support a person affected by a traumatic event: a Delphi study | Kelly et al. BMC Psychiatry 2010 10 49 http 1471-244X 10 49 BMC Psychiatry RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Development of mental health first aid guidelines on how a member of the public can support a person affected by a traumatic event a Delphi study Claire M Kelly 1 Anthony F Jorm and Betty A Kitchener Abstract Background People who experience traumatic events have an increased risk of developing a range of mental disorders. Appropriate early support from a member of the public whether a friend family member co-worker or volunteer may help to prevent the onset of a mental disorder or may minimise its severity. However few people have the knowledge and skills required to assist. Simple guidelines may help members of the public to offer appropriate support when it is needed. Methods Guidelines were developed using the Delphi method to reach consensus in a panel of experts. Experts recruited to the panels included 37 professionals writing planning or working clinically in the trauma area and 17 consumer or carer advocates who had been affected by traumatic events. As input for the panels to consider statements about how to assist someone who has experienced a traumatic event were sourced through a systematic search of both professional and lay literature. These statements were used to develop separate questionnaires about possible ways to assist adults and to assist children and panel members answered either one questionnaire or both depending on experience and expertise. The guidelines were written using the items most consistently endorsed by the panels across the three Delphi rounds. Results There were 180 items relating to helping adults of which 65 were accepted and 155 items relating to helping children of which 71 were accepted. These statements were used to develop the two sets of guidelines appended to this paper. Conclusions There are a number of actions which may be useful for members of the public when they encounter someone who has .

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