Báo cáo y học: " Changes in body weight, body composition and cardiovascular risk factors after long-term nutritional intervention in patients with severe mental illness: an observational study"

Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Changes in body weight, body composition and cardiovascular risk factors after long-term nutritional intervention in patients with severe mental illness: an observational study | Hassapidou et al. BMC Psychiatry 2011 11 31 http 1471-244X 11 31 BMC Psychiatry RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Changes in body weight body composition and cardiovascular risk factors after long-term nutritional intervention in patients with severe mental illness an observational study 1 1 1 1 2 Maria Hassapidou Konstantina Papadimitriou Niki Athanasiadou Valasia Tokmakidou Ioannis Pagkalos George Vlahavas1 Fotini Tsofliou1 Abstract Background Compared with the general population individuals with severe mental illness SMI have increased prevalence rates of obesity and greater risk for cardiovascular disease. This study aimed to investigate the effects of a long term nutritional intervention on body weight body fat and cardiovascular risk factors in a large number of patients with SMI. Methods Nine hundred and eighty-nine patients with a mean age of 40 yrs participated in a 9 mo nutritional intervention which provided personalised dietetic treatment and lifestyle counselling every two weeks. Patients had an average body mass index BMI of and body weight BW of kg. Fasted blood samples were collected for the measurement of glucose total cholesterol triglycerides and HDL- cholesterol. All measurements were undertaken at baseline and at 3 mo 6 mo and 9 mo of the nutritional intervention. Results Four hundred and twenty-three patients of 989 total patients cases dropped out within the first 3 months. Two hundred eighty-five completed 6 months of the program and 145 completed the entire 9 month nutritional intervention. There were progressive statistically significant reductions in mean weight fat mass waist and BMI throughout the duration of monitoring p . The mean final weight loss was kg and BMI decreased to p . The mean final fat mass loss was kg and the mean final waist circumference reduction was cm p compared to baseline. Significant and continual reductions were .

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