Báo cáo y học: " Short-term prediction of threatening and violent behaviour in an Acute Psychiatric Intensive Care Unit based on patient and environment characteristics"

Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Short-term prediction of threatening and violent behaviour in an Acute Psychiatric Intensive Care Unit based on patient and environment characteristics | Vaaler et al. BMC Psychiatry 2011 11 44 http 1471-244X 11 44 BMC Psychiatry RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Short-term prediction of threatening and violent behaviour in an Acute Psychiatric Intensive Care Unit based on patient and environment characteristics 12 Arne E Vaaler Valentina C Iversen Gunnar Morken John C Flovig Tom Palmstierna Olav M Linaker Abstract Background The aims of the present study were to investigate clinically relevant patient and environment-related predictive factors for threats and violent incidents the first three days in a PICU population based on evaluations done at admittance. Methods In 2000 and 2001 all 118 consecutive patients were assessed at admittance to a Psychiatric Intensive Care Unit PICU . Patient-related conditions as actuarial data from present admission global clinical evaluations by physician at admittance and clinical nurses first day a single rating with an observer rated scale scoring behaviours that predict short-term violence in psychiatric inpatients The Broset Violence Checklist BVC at admittance and environment-related conditions as use of segregation or not were related to the outcome measure Staff Observation Aggression Scale-Revised SOAS-R . A multiple logistic regression analysis with SOAS-R as outcome variable was performed. Results The global clinical evaluations and the BVC were effective and more suitable than actuarial data in predicting short-term aggression. The use of segregation reduced the number of SOAS-R incidents. Conclusions In a naturalistic group of patients in a PICU segregation of patients lowers the number of aggressive and threatening incidents. Prediction should be based on clinical global judgment and instruments designed to predict short-term aggression in psychiatric inpatients. Trial registrations NCT00184119 NCT00184132 Background Threatening and violent behaviour by psychiatric inpatients are major concerns in psychiatric practice 1 2 . .

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