Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành hóa học dành cho các bạn yêu hóa học tham khảo đề tài: Research Trioctylphosphine as Both Solvent and Stabilizer to Synthesize CdS Nanorods | Nanoscale Res Lett 2009 4 1159-1165 DOI S11671-009-9375-X NANO EXPRESS Trioctylphosphine as Both Solvent and Stabilizer to Synthesize CdS Nanorods Shutang Chen Xiaoling Zhang Qiuhua Zhang Weihong Tan Received 21 March 2009 Accepted 4 June 2009 Published online 17 June 2009 to the authors 2009 Abstract High quality CdS nanorods are synthesized reproducibly with cadmium acetate and sulfur as precursors in trioctylphosphine solution. The morphology crystalline form and phase composition of CdS nanorods are characterized by transmission electron microscopy TEM high-resolution TEM and X-ray diffraction XRD . CdS nanorods obtained are uniform with an aspect ratio of about 5 1 and in a wurtzite structure. The influence of reaction conditions on the growth of CdS nanorods demonstrates that low precursor concentration and high reaction temperature 260 C are favorable for the formation of uniform CdS nanorods with of product yield. Keywords CdS nanorods Trioctylphosphine Size control Photoluminescence Introduction Nanoscale one-dimensional semiconductor materials have drawn much attention due to their unique mechanical optical and electronic properties 1-3 . Among metal S. Chen X. Zhang H Q. Zhang Department of Chemistry School of Science Beijing Institute of Technology 100081 Beijing People s Republic of China e-mail zhangxl@ W. Tan Center for Research at the Bio Nano Interface University of Florida Gainesville FL 32611-7200 USA e-mail tan@ chalcogenides cadmium sulfide is of particular interest because of its intrinsic direct band gap eV which has shown great potentials in bioimaging 4 solar energy conversion 5 6 and photocatalysis 7 . During the past few years much effort has been devoted to the development of synthetic approaches for one-dimensional CdS nanomaterials. Various methods such as anodic aluminum oxide AAO template-assisted synthesis 8 hydrothermal process 9 solution-liquid-solid SLS -assisted growth 10 11 seeded-type .