A Brief History Of The English Language Eckersley 1960

A Brief History Of The English Language Eckersley 1960 | LONGMAN GROUP LIMITED London Associated companies branches and represetdatives throughout the world C. E. ECKERSLEV AND J. M. ECKERSLEY I 960 All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means electronic mechanical photocopying recording or otherwise without the prior permission of the Copyright owner. First published I960 Eighth impression 1970 SBN 582 52040 1 Cased edition SBN 582 52042 8 Paper edition PRINTED IN HONG KONG UY DAI NIPPON PRINTING CO INTERNATIONAL LTD CHAPTER THIRTY A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE When the Romans came to Britain first under Julius Caesar in 55 . and later under Claudius in they found a race of Celtic people the Britons in occupation. These Britons resisted the Romans fiercely on the shores of south-east England but they were finally conquered and driven back. The Romans were not the first invaders of the country. The Britons themselves had come as invaders and they had been preceded by others but until the coming of the Romans no written record of these influxes had been made. Gradually the invader occupied the greater part of the country but soon he came up against the obstacle that had no doubt held up earlier invaders and was to hold up later ones the mountains of Wales and Scotland Among the mountains the Britons took refuge and here the invader was forced to come to a stop. During the next four hundred years though England became a Roman colony Wales and . Scotland remained largely unconquered. The Romans made their magnificent roads into Wales Watling Street went from London to Anglesey they built camps at Caernarvon Segontium and at Caerleon and great walls to keep back the Scots. But outside the camps and beyond the Wall the Roman influence was hardly felt the old Celtic language was spoken and Latin never became a spoken language there as it did in England at any rate in the larger towns. In . 410 the Romans left