Đề tài " Geometrization of 3dimensional orbifolds "

This paper is devoted to the proof of the orbifold theorem: If O is a compact connected orientable irreducible and topologically atoroidal 3-orbifold with nonempty ramification locus, then O is geometric (. has a metric of constant curvature or is Seifert fibred). As a corollary, any smooth orientationpreserving nonfree finite group action on S 3 is conjugate to an orthogonal action. Contents 1. Introduction 2. 3-dimensional orbifolds . Basic definitions . Spherical and toric decompositions . Finite group actions on spheres with fixed points . Proof of the orbifold theorem from the main theorem 3. .

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