In the medium to longer term, attempts to improve access to service using both public and private provision are appropriate, depending on country and sector-specific conditions. As far as private service provision is concerned, it has a continued role to play in the social sectors. Many countries in both the developed and developing world routinely make use of private provision, particularly for health services, where private practice and private hospitals are widespread in addition to public providers. Moreover, public policy and funding functions are separable from provision of the service. Governments thus have the option.