In some instances, the government accepts free labor from villagers in lieu of a monetary contribution to a local infrastructure project. But in VSLA villages where people can contribute funds to a project, local workers are paid to do the work. Thus, the new installation not only provides clean water, health care or schooling, it generates employment. Ms. Mamane was also struck by changes in the behavior of the VSLA women themselves. In the past, many of the women never left their homes. But now she sees women going about their business all over the.