OXFORD LEARNER'S GRAMMAR 7

Tham khảo tài liệu 'oxford learner's grammar 7', ngoại ngữ, ngữ pháp tiếng anh phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả | 185 The order of adjectives speaker s opinion come first. Words expressing purpose or type such as electronic come later. B We sometimes use two nouns together. the town wall the Finance Minister winter evenings Here we use the nouns town and finance like adjectives to modify wall and minister. When we use both adjective and norm modifiers then the adjectives come first. the old town wall the former Finance Minister dark winter evenings c The different kinds of modifier usually go in the following order. An adjective in Group 1 comes first and a word from Group 11 goes closest to the noun. 1 Opinion beautiful nice wonderful excellent awful etc 2 Size long large small short tall etc 3 Most other qualities clear busy famous friendly soft quiet etc 4 Age neu old 5 Shape round square fat. thin wide narrow etc 6 Colour blue red white black etc 7 Participle forms running missing covered broken etc 8 Origin British Italian American Chinese etc 9 Material sandy wooden brick paper plastic etc 10 Type electronic human chemical domestic urban money problems etc 11 Purpose alarm clock tennis court walking boots etc Here are some examples. an old cardboard box age material a German industrial company origin type a large black pocket handkerchief size colour type plastic packaging materials material purpose a small square room size shape a new improved formula age participle form a nice friendly person opinion quality two excellent public tennis courts opinion type purpose In general the modifier closest to the noun has rhe closest association with the noun. For example in the phrase two excellent public tennis courts the word tennis is closely associated with courts whereas excellent does not have such a clear connection with courts. rhe rules are not absolute and the order can sometimes be different. For example we sometimes prefer to put a short adjective before a long one. a big horrible building NOTE Old and young referring to people often come next to the noun. a dignified

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