Tham khảo tài liệu 'kana workbook 2', ngoại ngữ, nhật - pháp - hoa- others phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả | BASIC SYLLABLES Pronunciation The Vowels The first line of the syllabary consists of the five vowels a. i u e o. They are short vowels enunciated clearly and crisply. Pronounce the English sentence below making all of the vowels short and you will have the approximate sounds. The u is pronounced without moving the lips forward. The 0 is similar to the initial sound of old but it isn t a diphthong so don t round the lips. Ah we soon get old. a i u e o Consonants plus vowel and n The rest of syllabary consists of syllables formed by a consonant and a vowel. Most Japanese consonants are pronounced with the lips or the tip of the tongue more relaxed than in English. For example if the t in kite is pronounced too strongly and with a good deal of aspiration it will be heard as kitte. So be especially careful to pronounce p. t and k with less aspiration than in English. a i u e 0 X It V k z If g if z r s A V H shi T X -If te X Ư -r -If z ji ZU iz X -t The consonant k is pronounced more softly than in English. At the beginning of a word the g in ga. gi gu. ge. go is hard like the g in garden but when occurring in the middle of a word or in the last syllable it is often nasal as in eiga movie . The particle ga. too. is usually nasalized though nowadays many people use a hard g. The breath is expelled less forcefully in the Japanese consonant than the English. Shi is a near equivalent of the English she but is enunciated with the lips unrounded. Note that there is no Japanese syllable si. The breath is expelled less forcefully with the Japanese consonant than the English. When za ZU ze zo come at the beginning of a word the z is affricative sounding like ds in kids. In the middle of a word or in the last syllable however it is fricative sounding like the z in zoo. Ji is an affricate at the beginning of a word like the je in jeep. but fricative in a middle position like si in vision. Note that Japanese doesn t have the syllable zi. 10 a i u e 0 tz o X t chi tsu T b tz X d 7 .