Coastal and Estuarine Risk Assessment - Chapter 13

Ecological RiskCoastal and Assessment in Estuarine Environments - Khi Rachel Carson xuất bản mùa xuân Im lặng, 2 cô đã thiết lập danh tiếng của mình bởi tác giả hai cuốn sách phổ biến, Theo Wind3 biển và The Edge của Đây là trường hợp, nó là khó hiểu rằng mùa xuân im lặng, một cuốn sách theo nghĩa đen thay đổi cách chúng tôi xem mối quan hệ của chúng tôi với môi trường của chúng tôi, có rất ít tài liệu về ô nhiễm biển. Không nhất quán như vậy về môi trường biển đã được phổ biến. | 13 Ecological Risk Assessment in Coastal and Estuarine Environments Michael C. Newman Robert C. Hale and Morris H. Roberts Jr. CONTENTS Introduction Chapter Contributions to Coastta and Estuarine Risk Assessment Conclusion References INTRODUCTION Hearing the rising tide I think how it is pressing also against other shores I know . Rachel Carson1 When Rachel Carson published Silent Spring 1 she had already established her reputation by authoring two popular books Under the Sea Wind1 and The Edge of the This being the case it is puzzling that Silent Spring a book literally changing how we view our relationship with our environment contained so little material about marine pollution. Such inconsistencies about marine envứonments were commonplace at that time. At the same time that the last two books were aublished the first author spent many indolent hours as a child on a particular Long Irland Sound beach alternately watching for dolphins on the horizon and at the hand s edge watching rats scurrying between the riprap in search of edible garbage. Much more effort was spent scanning for surfacing dolphins than watching the rats hnmpete for garbage. Tar balls and rusty aerosol cans were as plentiful in the drift zane as were skate egg cases and strings of whelk eggs. At one end of the beach was a picturesque New England lighthouse silhouetted against plumes of smoke rihing above the Bridgeport city dump. Coastal pollution was as obvious as that in nnarby streams lakes and lands but for the coastal and estuarine habitats the eye 2002 CRC Press LLC was drawn more to attractive not degraded seaside features. The tide of contamination was similarly rising in other coastal environs but was viewed only peripherally. We focused on the aesthetic and recreational pleasures of the coast. Although much less apparent today remnants of this tendency to ignore the evidence of degradation exist in our activities. What are the roots of this incongruity A .